dalí timeline

1904

Salvador Felip Jacinto Dalí Domènech (Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech) is born on May 11 in Figueres, Spain to father, Salvador Dalí Cusí and mother, Felipa Domènech Ferres.

1910

Dalí is enrolled in the Hispano-French School of the Immaculate Conception, where he learned French. Dalí spends his school years in Figueres and breaks in Cadaques, Spain, where he begins to draw and paint the seaside landscape.

1916

Dalí attends classes at the Municipal Drawing School in Figueres, taught by Juan Nunez; introduced to impressionism by the wealthy intellectual and painter Roman Pichot.

1919

Dalí holds his first public exhibition at the Societat de Concerts room in Figueres’ Municipal Theatre (which would later become the Dalí Theatre-Museum).

1922

Dalí is admitted into Madrid’s Special Painting, Sculpture and Engraving School (Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando/ Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando) where he befriended leading intellectual and artistic personalities (and future collaborators): Federico Garcia Lorca, Luis Benuel, and Pedro Garfias; Picasso is also an alumni of the Academy.

1925

Took part in the First Exhibition of the Iberian Artists Society in Madrid; Presented his first one-man exhibition at the Galeries Dalmau in Barcelona.

1926

Dalí is definitively (dismissed(expelled)) from the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando; Galleries in Madrid, Barcelona, and Catalan began to exclude Dalí from exhibitions, due to his disturbing imagery; first travels to Paris, France where he meets Pablo Picasso.

1927

Exhibited in the Second Autumn Salon at Barcelona’s famous Sala Pares Gallery – first influences of surrealism surface; Begins and completes military service at Saint Ferran castle in Figueres.

1928

Along with Lluis Montanya and Sebastia Gasch he published the “Yellow Manifesto”(Catalan Anti-Artistic Manifesto) that amounted to a fierce attack on conventional art.

1929

Partnered with Luis Bunuel to create the short avante-garde film “Un Chein Andalou” (An Andalusian Dog), which was shown at Paris’ Studio des Ursulines and brought much acclaim; Meets Joan Miro who introduces him to Andre Breton and the progenitors of the surrealist movement; Dalí officially appointed into the Surrealist movement; Meets surrealist poet Paul Elard and his wife Eleana Ivonovna Diakonova (Gala) at a summer home in Cadaques, Spain; Gala and Dalí fall in love.

1932-1934

Dalí creates 44 intaglios illustrating “Les Chants de Maldoror” by the Count of Lautreamont. Designed by his own hand, 32 intaglios are full-page examples and 12 are vignettes that illustrate the text.

1934

Dalí marries Gala in a civil ceremony; “Les Chants de Maldoror” presented by Albert Skira in the Galerie des Quatre Chemins of Paris.

1936

TIME magazine devotes its December cover to Dalí, photographed by Man Ray.

1938

Visits Sigmund Freud in London, the subject of psychoanalytic artistic inspiration for years prior.

1939

Dalí is definitely expelled from the Surrealists after years of tension with the group’s leader and founder, Andre Breton.

1940

Dalí and Gala flee to the United States in self-imposed exile during the Second World War, where they would stay until 1948.

1941

New York’s Museum of Modern Art inaugerates an anthological exhibition devoted to Dalí and Miro.

1945

Dalí and Walt Disney meet at a party at Jack Warner’s house (of Warner Brothers Studio); Atomic Bombs are dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, marking the end of World War II. Dalí is fascinated with modern science and atoms which inspires him to explore a new style of art he called “Atomic Mysticism.”

1946

Dalí begins to work on a collaborative animation short with Walt Disney, titled, “Destino,” creating 22 paintings and over 135 storyboards, drawings, and sketches. However, the project was shelved several months later.

1948

Dalí and Gala return to Spain.

1949

Pope Pius XII granted Dalí public audience and requested that Dalí paint the Immaculate Conception, which Dalí titled “The Madonna of Port Lligat”.

1950

Italian government commissions Dalí to illustrate Dante Alighieri’s “Divine Comedy”, commemorating the 700th anniversary of the poet’s birth.

1951-1960

Dalí paints 100 watercolors in preparation for the publication of the “Divine Comedy” (34 illustrating Inferno; 33 illustrating Purgatory; 33 illustrating Paradise).

Mid 1950s

Dalí meets Drs. Guiseppe and Mara Albaretto, who quickly become his most important friends and patrons. Their friendship, which lasted until Dalí’s death, produced the largest private collection of Dalí original works in the world.

1960

On May 19th Dalí’s “Divine Comedy” is fully exhibited at Les Hueres Claires at the Museum Galiera in Paris; the exhibition was presented by Josef Foret.

1961

Dalí begins creating the Teatro-Museo Dalí (Dalí Theatre-Museum) in the building where he held his first exhibition in Figueres, Spain.

1963-1964

Dalí paints 105 watercolors illustrating the Old and New Testament, commissioned by Dr. Guiseppe Albaretto, known as “The Bible Series”; Albaretto entered into a contract with famed publisher, Rizzoli to publish an edition of the Bible illustrated by Dalí.

1964-1967

Rizolli Editorial publishes “The Bible Series” in five-volume sets, with a total print run of 1,797 suites.

1971

The Salvador Dalí Museum opens in Beachwood, Ohio, developed from the personal collection of two of Dalí’s patrons, A. Reynolds and Eleanor R. Morse.

1974

The Teatro-Museo Dalí inaugerated on September 28.

1980

Tate Gallery in London presents a one-man retrospective of Salvador Dalí, with a total of 251 works on exhibition; Dalí’s health declines.

1982

The Salvador Dalí Museum opens in St. Petersburg, Florida, developed and moved from it’s initial location in Beachwood, Ohio; Wife Gala passes in their home built and designed by Dalí, Pubol Castle (Castell Gala Dalí ) in Catalan; In June, Jordi Pujol, President of the Catalan Government opens the exhibition Dalí and His Books: Dalí, the Writer and Dalí, the Illustrator at St. Agatha’s Royal Chapel.

1983

A major anthological exhibition, 400 works by Salvador Dalí from 1914 to 1983, was held in Madrid, Barcelona, and Figueres; Dalí’s last pictorial work “The Swallow’s Tale” from the “Series on Catastrophe” dates from this period.

1984

Dalí is severely burnt in a house fire at Pubol Castle; Moves to the Toree Galatea, an annex of the Teatro-Museo Dalí.

1989

Dalí passes away on January 23 due to heart failure at the age of 84 as a recluse at his Teatro-Museo Dalí; buried beneath the property.

2000

Roy E. Disney, nephew of Walk Disney, decides to continue the “Destino” project, commissioning a team of 25 artists in Disney, Paris, under the direction of Dominique Monfery to fulfill the Dani-Disney dream.

2003

“Destino” released posthumously on June 2nd at the Annecy International Animation Film Festival.